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Apache > HTTP Server > Documentation > Version 2.4 > Modules

Apache Module mod_remoteip

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Description:Replaces the original client IP address for the connection with the useragent IP address list presented by a proxies or a load balancer via the request headers.
Status:Base
Module Identifier:remoteip_module
Source File:mod_remoteip.c

Summary

This module is used to treat the useragent which initiated the request as the originating useragent as identified by httpd for the purposes of authorization and logging, even where that useragent is behind a load balancer, front end server, or proxy server.

The module overrides the client IP address for the connection with the useragent IP address reported in the request header configured with the RemoteIPHeader directive.

Once replaced as instructed, this overridden useragent IP address is then used for the mod_authz_host Require ip feature, is reported by mod_status, and is recorded by mod_log_config %a and core %a format strings. The underlying client IP of the connection is available in the %{c}a format string.

It is critical to only enable this behavior from intermediate hosts (proxies, etc) which are trusted by this server, since it is trivial for the remote useragent to impersonate another useragent.

Directives

Topics

See also

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Remote IP Processing

Apache by default identifies the useragent with the connection's client_ip value, and the connection remote_host and remote_logname are derived from this value. These fields play a role in authentication, authorization and logging and other purposes by other loadable modules.

mod_remoteip overrides the client IP of the connection with the advertised useragent IP as provided by a proxy or load balancer, for the duration of the request. A load balancer might establish a long lived keepalive connection with the server, and each request will have the correct useragent IP, even though the underlying client IP address of the load balancer remains unchanged.

When multiple, comma delimited useragent IP addresses are listed in the header value, they are processed in Right-to-Left order. Processing halts when a given useragent IP address is not trusted to present the preceding IP address. The header field is updated to this remaining list of unconfirmed IP addresses, or if all IP addresses were trusted, this header is removed from the request altogether.

In overriding the client IP, the module stores the list of intermediate hosts in a remoteip-proxy-ip-list note, which mod_log_config can record using the %{remoteip-proxy-ip-list}n format token. If the administrator needs to store this as an additional header, this same value can also be recording as a header using the directive RemoteIPProxiesHeader.

IPv4-over-IPv6 Mapped Addresses

As with httpd in general, any IPv4-over-IPv6 mapped addresses are recorded in their IPv4 representation.

Internal (Private) Addresses

All internal addresses 10/8, 172.16/12, 192.168/16, 169.254/16 and 127/8 blo